重新诠释现代主义装饰的形式定义-圣克鲁i圣帕医院花园,Reinterpretation of modernist ornament for formal definition – Santa Creu i Santa Pau HOSPITAL GARDENS

重新诠释现代主义装饰的形式定义-圣克鲁i圣帕医院花园,Reinterpretation of modernist ornament for formal definition – Santa Creu i Santa Pau HOSPITAL GARDENS 城市旅游景观 第1张

结合对公共空间的现代理解,我们提出了道路系统的层次结构,该结构显著降低了车辆的机动性,以增加种植面积。因此,该地区创造了建筑与环境之间的平衡。除了中央长廊,整个区域的地形和丰富的植被-与偶尔的车辆交通相适应的绿地。

重新诠释现代主义装饰的形式定义-圣克鲁i圣帕医院花园,Reinterpretation of modernist ornament for formal definition – Santa Creu i Santa Pau HOSPITAL GARDENS 城市旅游景观 第2张

重新诠释了现代主义装饰对城市元素的正式定义干预的所有组成部分都满足了场地使用变化带来的新要求,同时时间和DOM的美学体系建立了物质和形式的关系,比如使用“席”作为构成元素。“KdSPE”“KdsPS”……在所有的DOM设计中,无论是马赛克、地板还是铁质格栅——都存在着一种模式,在大多数情况下,无论是重复还是交替,都是设计的动力。“Lourdes Figueras,La búsqueda y consolidaciones de un estilo.”

地面一层蒙丘克风格的石头作为不同建筑的中性支撑,为整个项目带来连续性,通过重复和交替的系统适应每个空间的系统。在中央长廊上,这条石铺面支持行人流动和限制道路流通。在花园里,它消失了,以突出植被,重新出现在户外节目的活动亭中。

重新诠释现代主义装饰的形式定义-圣克鲁i圣帕医院花园,Reinterpretation of modernist ornament for formal definition – Santa Creu i Santa Pau HOSPITAL GARDENS 城市旅游景观 第3张

重新诠释现代主义装饰的形式定义-圣克鲁i圣帕医院花园,Reinterpretation of modernist ornament for formal definition – Santa Creu i Santa Pau HOSPITAL GARDENS 城市旅游景观 第4张

材料所有与地面接触的元素(石头路面、墙壁,(灯光)在同一块蒙居伊风格的石头上进行,以便在所有结构的底部建立连续性。这创造了一个中性的表面,允许强调每个陶瓷结构的形式单一性。

重新诠释现代主义装饰的形式定义-圣克鲁i圣帕医院花园,Reinterpretation of modernist ornament for formal definition – Santa Creu i Santa Pau HOSPITAL GARDENS 城市旅游景观 第5张围栏和栏杆在重新诠释现代主义围栏和栏杆时,我们试图在使用新材料的同时保持相同的建筑语言。我们不使用熟铁,而是使用编织不锈钢作为藤蔓攀爬的支撑物,藤蔓上开满了五颜六色的花朵。这套系统对于新的围栏、栏杆和现有栏杆都是一样的,需要按照新的规定更新。“KDSPE”“KDSSPs”“KDSIMG6”“KDSPE”“KDSPs”标牌,我们注意到了对“圣保罗”席徽徽章和大殿栏杆中的“书写”理念的重新解读。我们重复了同样的想法,但应用到所有建筑物的外部标牌上,在石铺面上的浅浮雕上写下标牌信息。

重新诠释现代主义装饰的形式定义-圣克鲁i圣帕医院花园,Reinterpretation of modernist ornament for formal definition – Santa Creu i Santa Pau HOSPITAL GARDENS 城市旅游景观 第6张

植物种类来赞美夏季和冬季花园的树木种植,我们选择了同样的植物种类来填充护盾、标牌,圣克鲁斯和圣帕布罗医院的柱头、地板图案和玻璃砖。

重新诠释现代主义装饰的形式定义-圣克鲁i圣帕医院花园,Reinterpretation of modernist ornament for formal definition – Santa Creu i Santa Pau HOSPITAL GARDENS 城市旅游景观 第7张

植物原始花园是在现代主义建筑的背景下创建的,设计时具有开放的、创新的视野,引进了欧洲其他地区的元素,当然,它必须与一个充满自然世界的建筑相协调。在植被的处理上,我们想接近和理解这种工作方式,恢复这种精神,本项目提出的植被从原来的项目中恢复了夏、冬园林的概念,用1901的“KdSPE”“KdSPS”“KDSIMG9”“KDSPE”“KDSPs”街道家具来补充保存好的现有物种,新的物种,我们提出了世纪之交的巴黎风格的椅子,由油漆钢制成,使其重量轻,易于移动。由于场地是封闭和控制的,我们建议椅子主要放在长廊的中心,而不是固定在地面上,以便使用者可以随意移动A CREU I SANT PAU“医院花园”KDSP“位置| SANT Antoni M.Claret 16708025西班牙巴塞罗那

“KDSP”设计公司| DATA AE+GRND82+ISABEL BENNASAR设计师| Claudi Aguiló,建筑师Roberto González,建筑师ISABEL BENNASAR,建筑师Sergi Sertrat,建筑师

“KDSP”顾问| Albert Domingo,工程师Roser Vives,农艺师Eulalia Aran,工料测量师

图像学分| Pol Viladoms“

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重新诠释现代主义装饰的形式定义-圣克鲁i圣帕医院花园,Reinterpretation of modernist ornament for formal definition – Santa Creu i Santa Pau HOSPITAL GARDENS 城市旅游景观 第8张

With a contemporary understanding of public space, we propose a hierarchy of road systems that significantly reduces vehicle mobility in order to increase areas of planting. Thus the area creates an equilibrium between architecture and environment. With the exception of the central promenade, the whole area is given to terrain and abundant vegetation –green space compatible with occasional vehicle traffic.

重新诠释现代主义装饰的形式定义-圣克鲁i圣帕医院花园,Reinterpretation of modernist ornament for formal definition – Santa Creu i Santa Pau HOSPITAL GARDENS 城市旅游景观 第2张

Reinterpretation of modernist ornament for formal definition of urban elements
All of the components of intervention meet the new demands given by change of the use of the site, and at the same time establish a material and formal relationship with the aesthetic system of Domènech i Montaner, such as the use of ´pattern´as an element of composition.

“…in all of Domènech´s designs—whether mosaics, floors, or wrought iron grilles— there exists a pattern that in most cases, either through repetition or alternation, functions as the driving force of the design.” Lourdes Figueras, La búsqueda y consolidaciones de un estilo.

Ground
A carpeting of Montjuïc-style stone serves as the neutral support of different building and brings continuity to the project as a whole, adapting to the systems of each space through a system of repetition and alternation. On the central promenade, this stone pavement supports  pedestrian flow as well as the restricted road circulation. In the gardens, it disappears to give prominence to the vegetation, reappearing in activity pavilions for outdoor programming.

重新诠释现代主义装饰的形式定义-圣克鲁i圣帕医院花园,Reinterpretation of modernist ornament for formal definition – Santa Creu i Santa Pau HOSPITAL GARDENS 城市旅游景观 第3张

重新诠释现代主义装饰的形式定义-圣克鲁i圣帕医院花园,Reinterpretation of modernist ornament for formal definition – Santa Creu i Santa Pau HOSPITAL GARDENS 城市旅游景观 第4张

Material
All elements in contact with the ground (stone pavement, walls, lights) are executed in this same Montjuïc-style stone in order to establish continuity at the base of all structures. This creates a neutral surface that allows emphasis of the formal singularity of each of the ceramic structures.

重新诠释现代主义装饰的形式定义-圣克鲁i圣帕医院花园,Reinterpretation of modernist ornament for formal definition – Santa Creu i Santa Pau HOSPITAL GARDENS 城市旅游景观 第5张

Fences and Railings

In reinterpreting modernist fences and railings, we sought to maintain the same architectural language while using new materials. Instead of wrought-iron, we used woven stainless steel that acts as supports for climbing vines with a variety of colourful flowers. This system is the same for the new fences and railings and the existing railings that needed to be updated according to new regulations.

重新诠释现代主义装饰的形式定义-圣克鲁i圣帕医院花园,Reinterpretation of modernist ornament for formal definition – Santa Creu i Santa Pau HOSPITAL GARDENS 城市旅游景观 第13张

Signage
We took note of the reinterpretation of the idea of “writing” with the stone in the façade emblem
and the railings of the large hall of the Hospital of San Pau.   We reused the same idea, but applied to the exterior signage of all the buildings, writing signage information in bas-relief on the stone pavement.

重新诠释现代主义装饰的形式定义-圣克鲁i圣帕医院花园,Reinterpretation of modernist ornament for formal definition – Santa Creu i Santa Pau HOSPITAL GARDENS 城市旅游景观 第6张

Plant Species
To compliment the tree planting in the gardens during summer and winter, we chose the same plant species that fill the shields, emblems, capitals, floor patterns, and glass tiles of the Hospital of Santa Cruz and San Pablo.

重新诠释现代主义装饰的形式定义-圣克鲁i圣帕医院花园,Reinterpretation of modernist ornament for formal definition – Santa Creu i Santa Pau HOSPITAL GARDENS 城市旅游景观 第7张

Vegetation
The original gardens were created within the context of modernist architecture, designed with an open minded, innovative vision, importing elements collected from the rest of Europe, which certainly had to harmonize with an architecture full of references to the natural world. In the treatment of vegetation, we wanted to approach and understand this way of working, and to recover that spirit. The vegetation proposed in the project recovers the concept of summer and winter gardens from the original project, complementing the preserved existing species in good condition with new species using the list from 1901.

重新诠释现代主义装饰的形式定义-圣克鲁i圣帕医院花园,Reinterpretation of modernist ornament for formal definition – Santa Creu i Santa Pau HOSPITAL GARDENS 城市旅游景观 第16张

Street Furniture
We proposed chairs of the turn-of-the-century Parisian style, made of painted steel to make them lightweight and easy to move. Because the premises are closed and controlled, we proposed that the chairs are positioned mainly in the centre of the promenade but not fixed to the ground, so that users can move them as they please.

“SANTA CREU I SANT PAU” HOSPITAL GARDENS

LOCATION | Sant Antoni M. Claret 167, 08025 Barcelona, Spain

DESIGN FIRM |
DATA AE+GRND82+ISABEL BENNASAR
Designers |
Claudi Aguiló, architect
Roberto González, architect
Isabel Bennasar, architect
Sergi Serrat, architect

Consultants |
Albert Domingo, engineer
Roser Vives, agronomist
Eulalia Aran, quantity surveyor

Image Credits | Pol Viladoms