拉纳乌宫,The Lahnaue Gießen

Lahnaue Gießen A24 Landschaft,“KDSP”A24 Landschaft Landschaftsarchitektur:大学城Gießen恢复了Lahn河,暴露了它长期忽视的城市发展潜力:中央河岸及其草地和邻近的城市区。该框架计划将把拉恩海岸开发成一个全新的、多层面的市中心休闲区。一旦各种空间可用,实现将分阶段进行。

这条河一直被认为是一个纯粹的功能域。1849年修建的这条铁路,连同高高的堤岸,沿河实际上切断了通往拉恩的任何市中心通道。因此,河流草甸现在形成了一个由许多难以接近的财产组成的市中心外围,其中一些表现出大规模的利用,而另一些只在小碎片或作为巨大的停车场使用。只有在欧洲范围内将城市与河流结合起来的模式下,吉恩的潜力才得到充分的认可。

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?长期Lahnaue框架计划涵盖了整个城市内河流域,同时受连接Lahn和城市的总体概念的支配。该计划设想了六个部分:从北部开阔广阔的草原公园,到市中心及周边更为密集的城市化地区,再到南部现有河流草甸的自然集合。这些路段通过沿着拉恩河两岸的一条新的、连续的道路连接起来。该计划还包括拆除沿河停车场,拆封这些区域,以及更新和扩大现有的公园。其理念是发展路段之间的联系,建立公共广场,并延伸跨区域自行车道到达拉恩。不仅如此,这一概念还将沿河私有财产收回供公众使用,同时启动复性过程和长期保护河景的措施。

吉恩市利用2014年国家园林展及其引发的公众利益来实施框架计划的前两项措施。第一个项目是在中心城区新建的城市入口框架规划。入口“由磨坊”包括一个有代表性的广场、一条新的林荫大道、一个精致的磨坊花园以及各种设计的通向水的途径。广场对面是一个大型草地操场,它占据了一个以前的停车场。游乐场邀请不同年龄段的孩子们在四个不同的游乐平台上玩耍和捣乱。这些也参考了河流主题,模仿典型的草甸景观元素。第二个项目是在城市北部新建一座步行和自行车桥。它现在是吉安三座横跨河流的桥梁之一,极大地改善了城市的基础设施。桥周围的新公共空间使拉恩河以北的河滨可以进入。这些是框架计划中设想的大草原公园的第一个要素。随着框架计划中其他目标的逐步实施,吉恩市将获得一个新的城市空间定位,并随之改变,全新的市中心休闲区。

景观建筑:A24 Landschaft Landschaftsarchitektur GmbH项目:在新的海岸上——Lahnaue框架规划作者:Steffan Robel地点:德国吉恩设计和施工期:2010-2014区域:框架规划:42公顷,已实现项目:3公顷建筑成本已实现项目:300万欧元客户:吉恩市形象信贷:Hanns Jo,

The Lahnaue Gießen

A24 Landschaft

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A24 Landschaft Landschaftsarchitektur: The university town of Gießen has recovered the Lahn River, exposing the urban development potential that it had long neglected: the central river banks with their meadows and adjacent urban quarters. The framework plan will develop the shores of the Lahn into a completely new and multifaceted inner-city recreational area. Implementation will proceed in phases, as soon as the various spaces become available.

The river has long been thought of and used as a purely functional domain. The 1849 construction of the railroad – with its high embankment – alongside the river effectively severed any inner-city access to the Lahn. As a result, the river meadows now form an inner-city periphery comprising many inaccessible properties, some of which exhibit large-scale utilization, while others are used only in small fragments or as vast parking areas. Only with the Europe-wide paradigm of uniting cities with their rivers was Gießen’s potential fully recognized.

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The long-term Lahnaue Framework Plan encompasses the entire inner-city river basin while dictated by the overall concept of connecting the Lahn to the city. The plan envisions six segments: from the open and extensive grassland park in the north, through the more densely urbanized areas in and around the inner city, and stretching to the natural ensemble of existing river meadows in the south. The segments are connected by a new, continuous path running along both banks of the Lahn. The plan also entails the removal of parking along the riverside, unsealing the areas, as well as renewing and expanding the existing parks. The idea is to develop connections between the segments, establish public squares and extend cross-regional bicycle paths to reach the Lahn. Not least, the concept reclaims private property along the river for public use while initiating renaturation processes and measures for long-term preservation of the riverscape.

The city of Gießen used the 2014 State Garden Show and the public interest it has aroused to implement the first two measures of the framework plan. The first project is the newly built entrance to the city in the central urban area of the framework plan. The entrance – “By the Mills” – includes a representative square, a new boulevard, an elaborate mill garden as well as varyingly designed approaches to the water. Across from the square lies the large meadow playground, which occupies the site of a former parking lot. The playground invites children of all ages to play and wreak havoc on four differentiated play terraces. These also reference the river theme, emulating typical elements of a meadow landscape. The second realized project is a new pedestrian and bicycle bridge at the northern part of the city. It now constitutes one of three bridges crossing the river in Gießen and has greatly improved the city’s infrastructure. The new public spaces surrounding the bridge make the riverside north of the Lahn accessible. These are the first elements of the extensive grassland park envisioned in the framework plan. With the gradual implementation of additional goals from the framework plan, the city of Gießen, which had literally turned its back on its river, will gain a new urban-spatial orientation, and along with it, a fully new inner-city recreational area.

Landscape Architecture: A24 Landschaft Landschaftsarchitektur GmbH
Project: On To New Shores – The Lahnaue Framework Plan
Authors: Steffan Robel
Location: Gießen, Germany
Design and construction period: 2010-2014
Area: Framework Plan: 42 ha, realised projects: 3 ha
Construction costs realised projects: 3 million Euros
Client: City of Gießen
Image credits: Hanns Joosten
Text: A24 Landschaft

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