2018台中世界植物博览会.

,2018 Taichung World Flora Exposition

主题:土地艺术(site1)和植物博览会(site2)揭示了台湾的多元现实。种植设计结合农业栽培和空间美学,模拟不同海拔地区的植物生长过程。这是台湾最具多样性的微缩景观。与微缩景观相遇,人类意识的绽放。台湾有着高山和茂密的森林,自从17世纪西班牙人民“发现”台湾以来,台湾就被称为美丽的岛屿(Il Formosa)。台湾的地形以200座海拔3000米以上的山脉为中心。在台中市的管辖范围内,我们可以看到高耸的雪山、中低空的东石林、平原都市、河口的高梅湿地等。在这种多样的地形和气候带内有丰富的植物多样性。有5000多种本地植物和700多种蕨类植物。即使是以蕨类植物为国旗的新西兰,也只有170种本土植物。不同地形和气候多样性下多种物种的农业改良和驯化,是台湾国力矩的软性表现。不同海拔植物的并置也是台中世界植物博览会森林区的主题,

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我们期望根据后里地区的季节变化而建造的森林在之后能够保持完整,以达到最低限度的维护和保护的目的管理:30%通过策展完成,其余70%通过大自然完成,实现所有植物与自然景观共存的目标。它将成为10年、20年甚至100年的活园,并最终成为具有真正自然景观的植物园。这片森林是台湾唯一也是最大的植物园,是温带、暖温带、亚热带、雨林和热带5个气候带植物的缩影,展现了台湾百年生息的景观。仔细聆听人类意识中绽放的声音。展览期间,六个月内参观人数超过650万人次。

<p><noscript><img class=3000米<p><noscript><img class=2500米<p><noscript><img class=2500-1500米<p><noscript><img class=1500-500米<p><noscript><img class=1500-500米<p><noscript><img class=1500-500米<p><noscript><img class=500-20米<p><noscript><img class=500-20米<p><noscript><img class=20-0米1 |;台中高铁站广场-台湾杂草x地图岛上的山海

在开幕后的6个月里,花展从台中火车站前的广场开始。展览的主题是常见而珍贵的草药。悬挂在其上的桁架系统描绘了台湾的轮廓,起伏的地形,就像台湾杂草的图谱,随着火车的移动呈现出不断变化的形状。与种植设计相交叉的冬宅桁架体系,使农业技术得到了结晶,成为与自然美和谐相处的空间装置。充满活力的草和花遵循桁架的起伏结构。郁郁葱葱的绿树确实是精心安排的结果。植物高度的变化表明岛上地形陡峭,种植群落分布在高、中、低海拔以及河口。它们一起构成了幻象和循环的层次。漫步在这个地方,你会受到在森林中以种植形式行走的经验的启发。在夜间,投射的光束与景观的构造形式融合在一起。光明用看得见却看不见的东西来划分黑暗。当雾在空气中聚集时,它也会滋润地球上的植物,软化技术光束。可塑性成为有机质的一种新形态。雾和光的变化性质相互交叉,揭示了台湾的起伏轮廓。光束像l一样伸进黑暗中雕塑,像森林里的荧光灯一样投射在植物上。独特的山海地貌,而林地则讲述了台湾岛千古不变的故事。

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遗址2 | 2018台中世界植物博览会-景观浓缩x人类意识遗址内容之花

占地15公顷的厚礼森林校园是在现有的茂密的林地。现有的樟树、珠子树、榕树、台湾香糖等植物被保存下来,成为植物展览的舞台。零星分布的草本和灌木植物构成了这个多山国家的微型景观。台湾植物欢迎游客参观代表二十八个不同国家的花园。

开发

荒野中的花园;荒野中的花园;适合土地和季节的植物。随着季节的变化,丰富多彩的变化自然展开。所有物种不断繁殖和交替,演变成台湾的城市游乐场和花园苗圃;并迅速成为教育战线上的活的本土植物地图!在进行种植设计时,我们不想提出昙花一现的主题,也不想提出各种花色的浮华设计,而是要忠实地展现台湾的真实景观。在这个过程中,植物物种的选择和获取是我们团队面临的最大挑战。幸运的是,有一个数据库提供了1万多种土著物种,这样我们就可以找到已经适应平地的高山植物或为适应平地而种植的中高海拔植物物种。在台湾野营或爬山时,我们常被日本银草或野花野草所吸引,即使在其他项目上,我们也会使用丰富的禾本科植物和多年生植物,以及像狼尾草这样的增值草,让这些野生植物茁壮成长。事实上,在台湾的大部分荒野、河边或海边,这些植物都能随风起舞。这种荒野风情是台湾的一个宝贵方面。我们在植物博览会上遇到的一个挑战是帮助公众克服对野生花卉设计的不安,如狼尾草和白茅。

<p><noscript><img class=<p><noscript><img class=8”种植设计

3000米——模拟2500米以上高山景观的中高海拔雾林。生长在上升的、有点攀爬的地形上的是中海拔香料,它们要么习惯于平坦的土地,要么被耕种,适应了平坦的土地气候,其中尤以日本玉山为最具代表性,主要分布在阳光明媚的南部山坡上。

2500米——中高雾林海拔在台湾原住民森林中有许多预先存在的自然滑坡区,可能是毁林或被自然火灾破坏后造成的。接着,杂草或灌木丛开始悄然出现,随后,台湾桤木、日本玉山、中国芒等植物相继繁茂生长,随风摇曳。红山杜鹃和台湾山羊茅在树下的蜕变能,随着时间的推移,一片成熟的森林正在形成,从而形成了一个“真实的森林故事”、

1500~2,500m——台湾中部山区中海拔栎林带,一般分布在海拔1500-2500米之间,上部为针阔混交林,

500~1,500米——沿小径进入以阔叶林为主的湿润和温暖林下植被的中低海拔地区的Machilus Castanopis地带木犀林带郁郁葱葱,高度封闭。本区及中低海拔地区幼树生长缓慢,主要由5种台湾阔叶树种组成。通过有意识地模拟森林的演替过程,岩屑捕集蕨类植物如罗汉果和大型蕨类植物如珍珠菜也很明显;此外,在中海拔地区,土著人民的活动发挥了重要作用,部分原因是他们利用土著植物建造自己的房子,并享用了水仙和凤尾蕨,充分展示了他们的山地生活智慧,台湾中部海拔500米以下地区有低海拔榕树林中的

20~500米榕树带;在北回归线经过的台湾南部海拔700米以下地区有榕树林。这个地区也是大多数人居住的地方。环境温暖湿润,经过无数次的移民和殖民活动,人类活动对该地区的本土植物产生了很大的影响,植物开始适应,这也是该地区在地被植物、花卉等方面最为丰富多彩的原因公园尽头的沙砾地是台湾西部常见的河流、海旁、河口和沙砾地。禾本科(禾本科)植物具有很强的适应力和适应性,通常生长在该地区,因为它们能适应干燥的沙地,而且它们强壮的根系有助于保护土壤。芦苇、砂糖、芒是江海两岸的优势种,总体上有

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,森林种植设计的痕迹还不明显,但它们清楚地、响亮地、真诚地说明了设计师最初开始职业生涯的原因。尽管博览会在秋冬两季举行,有些花开不成花,但植物就像我们的生命一样,终究会开花凋零,这是我们设计的核心理念,也是我们对森林的长期期待。台中世界植物博览会森林中的植物多为多年生木本植物、动物农业用改良草、高山植物等,是为适应台湾平地或异花繁茂生长的气候而栽培的,因此“自然演替”支配着森林。因此,改变植物的需要、维护和管理以及修剪都减少到最低限度;灌溉用水来自滞留池、回收的地下雨水和自来水;在种植之前,在土壤中混合有机肥料,以确保植物有足够的养分。这个花园是关于尊重环境和珍惜地球上的资源。花园里有一块未开垦的土地,允许植物自由繁殖和生长。没有肥料,没有灌溉,没有除草,但它充满了生机!

简称:主题:2018台中世界植物博览会办公室在项目中的作用:策划、规划与种植设计网站:www.motifla.com.tw参与景观设计的其他设计师:原创灯光设计顾问、周连(灯光设计)、植物园国家自然科学博物馆项目地点:台湾台中市后里区大山路421号设计年份:2017-2018建成年份:2018

发表意见,

MOTIF: The land art (site1) and Flora Exposition (site2) discloses the diverse reality of Taiwan. Combining agricultural cultivation and aesthetics of space, the planting design simulates the processes of plants at different altitudes. It is the most diverse miniature landscape in Taiwan. Meeting with Miniature Landscape, the Blossoming of Human Consciousness. With its tall mountains and lush forests, Taiwan has been called the beautiful island (Il Formosa) since the Spanish people “discovered” it in the seventeenth century. The topography of Taiwan boasts the concentration of 200 mountains over 3,000 meter in height. Within the jurisdiction of Taichung City, we see an eclectic collection of the tall Snow Mountain, mid- to low-altitude Dong-shi Forest, the plain metropolis, and the Kao-mei Wetland at the estuary. Within this variety of topography and climate zones are the abundant floral diversity. There are more than 5,000 native plants and 700 ferns. Even the New Zealand, whose uses ferns as their national flag, has only 170 native plants. The agricultural improvement and domestication of a variety of species at different topography and climate diversity is a soft manifestation of the national power momentums in Taiwan. The juxtaposition of plants from different altitudes is also the main theme of the Forest Area at the Taichung World Flora Exposition.

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We expect that the Forest constructed according to the seasonal changes in Houli area will be kept intact afterwards to achieve the goal of minimum maintenance and management; 30% is done by the curating and the remaining 70% are done through Mother Nature, accomplishing the goal that all plants coexisting with the landscapes there. It will become a living park for 10 year, 20 years or even 100 years, and eventually a botanical garden with real natural landscape. This Forest is the only and the largest botanical garden that is a miniature of plants from 5 climatic zones: temperate zone, warm-temperature zone, the subtropics, rainforest and the tropics, exhibiting the 100-year living landscape in Taiwan. Listen intently to the blooming sounds, the blooming sounds of human consciousness. During the exhibition period, the number of visitors exceeded 6.5 million in six months.

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Site 1 | Taichung High Speed Rail Station Plaza – Mapping Taiwanese Weeds x Mountains and Seas among the Island

Spanning the six months after opening, the Floral Exposition starts at the plaza in front of Taichung Railway Station. The main theme of the exhibition is the common yet precious herbs. The truss system hanging over it traces the contour of Taiwan, undulating terrains, like the atlas of Taiwanese weeds, presenting ever-changing shapes as the trains move. Intersecting with the planting design, the truss system of the winter house crystalizes the agricultural technology and becomes the spatial device standing in harmony with natural beauty. The energized grasses and flowers follow the undulating structure of the truss. The lush greenery is indeed the result of careful arrangement. The changing heights of the plants suggest the steep terrain of the island with its planted communities at the higher, middle, and lower altitudes as well as the estuary. Together they constitute the layering of visions and circulations. Strolling about the place, one is inspired by the experiences of walking in the planted form of the forest. During the night, the projected light beams fuse with the constructed form of the landscape. Light demarcates the darkness with visible yet intangible. As the mist gathers in the air, it also moisturizes the plants on the earth and soften the technological light beams. The plasticity turns into a new formation of organic nature. The changing natures of mist and light intersect with the other, revealing the undulating contour of Taiwan underneath. The light beams extend into the darkness like a levitating sculpture, casting on the plants like the florescent lights in the forest. The unique landform of the mountain, ocean, and the woodlands recount the neverending stories of the Taiwan island.

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Site 2 | 2018 Taichung World Flora Exposition – Inspissated Landscape x The Blossom of Human Conscious

Site content

The 15-hectare Houli Forest Campus is built on an existing lush woodland. The existing vegetation of camphors, bead trees, banyan trees, and formosan sweet gum is preserved and becomes the stage for the plants of the Flora Exhibition. The scattered herbal and bush plants constitute the miniature landscape of the mountainous country. The Formosan plants welcome visitors to the gardens that represent twentieth eight different countries.

Development

A garden within the wilderness; wilderness within a garden; suitable plants for the land and the season. As season changes, rich and colourful transformation unfolds naturally. All species breed and alternate over and over, evolving into urban playgrounds and garden nursery compounds of Taiwan; and fast becoming the living indigenous plant maps on the educational front! When doing planting design, instead of coming up with topics that are a flash in the pan or flashy designs that incorporate various kinds of flowers, we aim to exhibit faithfully the real landscapes of Taiwan. In the process, the selection and acquirement of plant species are the biggest challenge for our team. Fortunately, there is a database with more than 10.000 varieties of indigenous species available so that we may find high-mountain plants that are already adapted to flat lands or plant species of mid-to-high altitude that are cultivated to adapt to flat lands. We are constantly attracted to Japanese silvergrass or wild flowers and weeds grown abundantly in the wilderness while camping in the wilderness or mountain climbing in Taiwan; even when working on other projects, we would use abundant plants of Gramineae (Poaceae) family, and perennial plants, and value-added grass such as Pennisetum alopecuroides to let these wild plants flourish abundantly. Actually, most of these plants can be found dancing to breezes of wind in most of the wilderness, by rivers, or sea-sides in Taiwan. Such wilderness touches are one of the valuable aspects of Taiwan. One of the challenges we encountered in Flora Exposition is to help the general public overcome their unease with wild flower designs such as Pennisetum alopecuroides and Imperata cylindrica.

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Planting design

3,000 M ─ Foggy Forest in Mid-to-High Elevation
Simulating the high mountain landscape of 2500 m above. Growing on the rising, somewhat climbing terrain is mid-range-altitude spices that are either accustomed to flat lands or cultivated and adapted to flat-land climate, of which Yushania niitakayamensis is the most representative species, scattering mostly on the sunny southern mountain slopes.

2,500 M ─ Foggy Forest in Mid-to-High Elevation
There are many pre-existing, natural landslide areas in the indigenous forests of Taiwan, stemming from, perhaps after deforestation or being damaged by natural fire. Then quietly weeds or bushes started to appear, followed by flourishing growing in succession period by the likes of Alnus formosana, Yushania niitakayamensis and Miscanthus sinensis, all waving with the wind. Transmorrisonensis under the trees where Rhododendron rubropilosum and Pieris taiwanensis hold court, with time gone by, a full-fledged, mature forest is coming into being, thus the making of a “real-life forest story”.

1,500~2,500 M ─ Quercus Zone Stands in Mid-Elevation
Quercus zone in the mountains of central Taiwan are usually found in the area of 1500-2500 m altitude; the upper zone is coniferous and broad-leaved mixed forest.

500~1,500 M ─ Machilus-Castanopsis Zone in Mid-to-Low Elevation
Along the trail onto a humid and warm undergrowth forest area mainly dominated by broad-leaved forest of Machilus-Casanopsis zone that is lush and of high degree close-off. Saplings grow slowly in this area and in low-mid altitude area, comprised of 5 major Formosa broad-leaved trees. By consciously simulating a forest in process of succession, debris-trapping ferns such as Pyrrosia adnascens and large-sized ferns such as Cyathea lepifera are evident also; in addition, in mid-attitude area, the activities of indigenous people play an important role thanks in part to their use of indigenous plants for building their house and feasting on Diplazium esculentum and Pteris fauriei, thus fully demonstrating their wisdom of mountain living.

20~500 M ─ Ficus-Machilus Zone in Low Elevation
Ficus-Machilus forest is found in area under 500 m altitude in central Taiwan; in southern Taiwan where tropic of cancer passes, Ficus – Machilus forest can be found in area under 700 m altitudes. This area is also where most people live. The environment is warm and humid and after countless immigration and colonisation, human activities have impacted greatly on the indigenous plants in this area and plants started to adapt which is the reason why this area is the most colourful and diverse in terms of its ground cover, flowers and plants.

0~20M ─ Rivers, Sea-sides and Gravel lands
At the end of the park is rivers, sea-sides, estuaries and gravel lands commonly found in western Taiwan. Plants of Gramineae (Poaceae) family that are resilient and very adaptive are commonly grown in this area for they can adapt to dry sand lands and their strong roots help protect the soil. Phragmites australis, Saccharum spontaneum and Miscanthus floridulus are the so-called dominant species grown by rivers and sea-sides.

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Achievement

On the whole, the traces of planting designs in the Forest are not obvious yet they demonstrate clearly & loudly and sincerely why the designer started his/her career in the first place. In spite of the fact that the exposition held in fall and winter, and some flowers failed bloom, but plants are like our lives – they blossom and wither eventually – this is our core idea for the design as well as our long-term expectation for the Forest. Most of the plants in the Forest of Taichung World Flora Exposition are perennial woody plants, improved grass used in animal agriculture, alpine plants that are cultivated to adapt to the weather of flat lands or foreign flowers that grow flourishingly in Taiwan, thus “natural succession” rules the Forest. As a result the needs to change plants, maintenance and management as well as trimming are reduced to the minimum; the water for irrigation comes from the detention pound, recycled underground rainfall and tap water; before planting, organic fertilizers are mixed in the soils to ensure sufficient nutrients for the plants. The Garden is about respecting the environment and cherishing the resources on earth. There is an uncultivated land in the garden that allows plants to breed and grow freely. No fertilizers, no irrigation, no weeding, and yet it is full of life!

 

 

Short Office name: MOTIF : 2018 Taichung World Flora Exposition
Role of the Office in the project: Curating, Planning & Planting Design
Website: www.motifla.com.tw
Other designers involved in the design of landscape: Originator Lighting Design Consultant, Chou Lien(Lighting Design), Botanical Garden of National Museum of Nature Science
Project location: Dashan Rd., Houli Dist., Taichung City 421, Taiwan (R.O.C.)
Design year: 2017-2018
Year Built: 2018

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