库穆托|惠灵顿海滨.

,Kumutoto | Wellington Waterfront

背景

地峡:惠灵顿是一座有弹性的城市,依偎在陡峭的山丘上,周围环绕着植被带,横跨活动断层线,被穿过库克海峡的海风吹得四分五裂。在海陆交融的地方,曾经有一个叫库穆托的渔村,以一条远古的溪流得名,这条溪流可以逃往大海。自20世纪80年代末以来,随着港口业务的重新部署,惠灵顿的市中心已经开始向海港的方向倾斜。库穆托区位于新西兰首都的海滨,直到最近才被地面停车场覆盖。它转变为当代混合用途建筑和公共空间的一个区域,由两个关键的空间运动组成:将城市推出和让海洋进入。库穆托项目将惠灵顿的电网延伸至海岸边缘,并提供新的行人通道——它还“宣告”库穆托河(Kumuto Stream)被掩埋的河口,一旦输给城市,让海进来,让人们有一个享受天伦之乐的地方与海相遇。

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将过去带入现在的

建设优质的滨水房地产、富有弹性的新混合用途建筑、基地,促进了北鸠摩托的发展隔离以防下次大地震。这个地区的公共领域的设计源于对这个地方、它的人民和它的文化的深刻理解。虽然繁重的港口业务早已不复存在,但库穆托仍然是一个工作的海滨地区,港口渡轮和游艇定期停泊在码头上。Kumutto的材料和元素必须是坚固和简单的,以响应其功能。

设计过程包括绘制历史海岸线、陆地填海和海堤的痕迹,以及以前矗立在海滨的建筑物的脚印。一条新的巷道沿着历史悠久的1903年的海堤穿过新的商业建筑,而被拆除已久的海关大楼的原始足迹则被绘制在花岗岩铺面内。所有的传统港口围栏和大门都已恢复并保留在原来的配置中,尽管大门是开放的,今天的公众受到欢迎。

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新的滨水空间

在水的边缘,一个三角形的开放空间探索水和土地之间的相互作用。作为惠灵顿码头的重新诠释,公共空间在海岸边缘折叠和漂浮,为人们以及本地动植物创造栖息地,包括在海岸岩石之间的缝隙中筑巢的kororā(小蓝企鹅),

折叠硬木甲板形成了地面,它的三角形角度反映了这个填海造地的构造力。同时,它在自然中很好玩,创造了一个漂浮在海岸边缘的地貌,为海岸生态的突围开辟了空间。该空间旨在鼓励社交互动,将座椅无缝地整合到折叠的甲板上,供用户在风中或阳光下尽情享受。事实证明,这种角度和褶皱很受年轻山地自行车手和公园旅游者的欢迎,他们在这种新地形上挑战自我。空间后角的

与巷道相对,一个木质亭子诞生于折叠地面的向上抽象。表面经过蒸馏后变为明亮的顶棚投射斑驳的光线,同时提供阴影和视觉遏制。这座建筑是由垂直的雪松板条构成的,象征性地诠释了备受喜爱的海岸树pōhutukawa。在这个可渗透的树冠下,一个社区餐桌在陆地与海洋交汇的地方接待陌生人的聚会。b建造“呼吸”,与天气密切相关;就像一棵树一样,它只能提供部分的避风避雨设施。

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Impact

kumuto将该地区扩展为一个生机勃勃的混合用途区域,所有人都可以通过该区域进入海滨。它支持各种各样的活动,如社交聚会、玩耍、吃午餐和当地海洋野生动物的参观。Kumuto获得了公众难以置信的好评,并在当地赢得了很多奖项,包括2018年最佳奖项的金奖,该奖项以其“精湛的工艺和精致的细节以及潜在的太平洋风情”而闻名,Kumutto的成功既来源于它的灵活性,也来源于它结合了现有工作滨水区的特点和重要性的方式。虽然这是一个全新的,完全独特的空间,但它也很熟悉和适当。它完全适合它的位置,在城市的边缘,在世界的边缘。

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简短的办公室名称:该办公室在项目中的作用:总规划师和首席设计师网站:ISTHMUS.co.nz项目位置:新西兰惠灵顿海滨。设计年份:2016年建成年份:2018年

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Context

Isthmus: Straddling active fault lines and blasted by ocean winds funnelled through the Cook Strait, Wellington is, by necessity, a resilient city that nestles into steep hills girded with a green belt of vegetation. Where sea meets land there was once a fishing kāinga (village), Kumutoto, named after an ancient stream that makes its escape to the sea. Since the late 1980s, with port operations relocating, Wellington’s city centre has begun to swing back to the harbour. The Kumutoto precinct, on the waterfront of New Zealand’s capital, was until recently covered in surface car parks. Its transformation into a precinct of contemporary mixed-use buildings and public space is composed of two key spatial moves: pushing the city out and letting the sea in. The Kumutoto project extends Wellington’s grid down to the coastal edge and provides new pedestrian connections –it also ‘declaims’ the buried mouth of the Kumutoto Stream, once lost to the city, letting the sea in and giving people a place in which to enjoy sky meeting the sea.

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Bringing the Past into the Present

The North Kumutoto development was catalysed by the construction of premium waterfront real estate, resilient new mixed-use buildings, base isolated for protection against the next major earthquake. The design for the public realm of this precinct emerged out of a deep understanding of the place, it’s people and its culture. While the heavy port operations have long since gone, Kumutoto is still a working waterfront with harbour ferries and pleasure boats regularly berthing on the wharf. The materials and elements of Kumutoto are necessarily robust and simple in response to their function.

The design process involved mapping the traces of the historic shoreline, land reclamations and sea walls as well as the footprints of buildings that previously stood on the waterfront. A new laneway traces the historic 1903 sea wall past the new commercial buildings, while the original footprint of long demolished Custom House has been drawn within the granite paving. All of the heritage port fences and gates have been restored and retained in their original configuration, albeit the gates are open and the public today is welcomed in.

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New Waterfront Spaces

Hinging off the laneway at the water’s edge, a triangular open space explores the interaction between water and land. Conceived as a reinterpretation of Wellington’s wharves, the public space folds and ‘floats’ above the coastal edge to create habitats for people as well as native flora and fauna including the kororā (little blue penguins) who nest in the gaps between the coastal rockwork.

A folded hardwood timber deck forms the ground plane, its triangulated angles speaking to the ever-present tectonic forces that underlie this reclaimed waterfront site. At the same time it is playful in nature, creating a landform that floats above the coastal edge, and opens up to create space for the coastal ecology to burst through. The space is designed to encourage social interaction, seamlessly integrating seats into the folds of the deck for users to tuck themselves out of the wind or bask in the sun. The angles and folds have proved popular with teenage mountain bikers and parkourists who challenge themselves on this new topography.

At the back corner of the space, against the laneway, a timber pavilion was born out of the upward abstraction of the folded ground plane. The surface undergoes a distillation to lightness as it is transformed into an overhead canopy casting dappled light while providing shading and visual containment. Fashioned from a matrix of vertical cedar battens the building is the symbolic interpretation of the much-loved coastal tree, the pōhutukawa. Beneath this permeable canopy a community dining table hosts gatherings of strangers in the place where the land meets the sea. The building ‘breathes’, intimately connected to the weather; like a tree it provides only partial shelter from the wind and rain.

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Impact

Kumutoto has extended the precinct as a vibrant mixed-use area that is accessible to all as a gateway to the waterfront. It supports diverse activities such as social gatherings, play, eating lunch and visits from the local marine wildlife. Kumutoto has been incredibly well received by the public and has already won significant local awards including a Gold at the 2018 Best Awards where it was noted for its ‘beautiful level of craftsmanship and detail with an underlying Pacific feel.’ Above all, the success of Kumutoto is derived from both its flexibility and the way it incorporates the characteristics and materiality of the pre-existing working waterfront. Although it is a new and totally unique space, it is also familiar and appropriate. It fits in, totally of its place, at the edge of the city, at the edge of the world.

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Short Office name: ISTHMUS
Role of the Office in the project: Masterplanner & Lead Designer
Website: isthmus.co.nz
Project location: Wellington Waterfront, New Zealand.
Design year: 2016
Year Built: 2018

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