莱茵蒙海姆的历史市场.

,The Historic Marketplace in Monheim am Rhein

对历史中心

Planergruppe Oberhausen的重新发现:树岛的形成定义了历史市场中的一个新区域,其中现有的树木和历史元素被整合在一起。同时,通过重构和再自然化,突出了与莱茵河西部边界的视觉关系。通过减少交通面积,创造了宽敞的空间。选择统一的材料为树木和历史建筑的迷人背景创造了平静的外观,并将不同的表面连接起来。

<p><noscript><img class=中世纪时期的历史市场

,市场是城市的中心广场。它拥有众多的历史建筑、古老的大菩提树、良好的市场和正义的十字架,有可能成为一个有吸引力的历史城市广场。防御工事的遗迹,以及海关大楼和中世纪的小巷,如弗里希特和佐尔斯特劳斯,加强了这一城市空间的历史特征。另外,它的特殊潜力在于它位于城市的上边界,面向农村。市场位于大约三米高的Kapellenstrasse,因此提供了一个伟大的景观,在Rheunee。因此,市场的历史意义和与景观关系的潜力是广场重新设计的核心要素。

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广场的重新解释是指市场由东部是三角形广场,西部是小巷。在东部和地势较高的地区,形成了一个树岛,上面覆盖着一层水上的沙子,周围是天然的石头,从而在这个美丽的地区形成了一个宏伟的框架。这个岛只占用现有的元素和老菩提树,没有任何其他额外的建设元素,因此产生了一个创造性的重点。一个宽敞的中央公共区域被创造出来,可用于公共餐饮。

在西部,一个高地高达井广场的高度,形成了一个与岛相对应的地方。在三棵新栽种的菩提树下,创造了一个开放和欢迎的户外餐饮区。从高原到坡度稳定的广场之间的高度差通过三个额外的台阶来补偿,一个“城市沙发”可以俯瞰水井和流苏。

交通

为了减少交通面积,我们建议在广场北侧设置交通路线,在Turmstrasse的最后一段减少了单向交通。由此产生的无交通空间用作公共区域和本地餐厅的室外餐饮。停车场将不提供,因为历史市场应保持自由,任何休眠的交通。

照明概念

一系列七杆灯在一个不引人注目的现代设计提供必要的照明。此外,还实现了凹式地面聚光灯照亮水井、正义之十字架、古老的菩提树、古老的防御墙和历史悠久的市政厅等大气色调。

物质性“KDSP”所有区域均均匀覆盖着天然石材。考虑到不同的交通类型和荷载,在各种配置中使用拉长格式的玄武岩。树岛的边界和台阶是用灰色花岗岩做的。批准了《公民倡议》提出的对老城原历史井进行改造的建议。该井将被整合到新的布局中,而不是司法的交叉。

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景观设计师:Planergruppe Oberhausen网站:www.Planergruppe-Oberhausen.de位置:Monheim Rhein规划期:2015-2017实现年份:2016-2018图像学分:Claudia Dreysse“

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THE REDISCOVERY OF THE HISTORIC CENTRE

Planergruppe Oberhausen: The formation of a tree island defines a new area within the historic marketplace, in which the existing trees and also historical elements are integrated. At the same time, the visual relationship with the western border of the Rheinaue is highlighted by restructuring and re-naturation. By reducing the traffic area, generous spaces are created. The choice of uniform materials create a calm appearance for the appealing backdrop of trees and historic buildings and connect the different surfaces.

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The historic marketplace

During the medieval period, the marketplace was the central square of the city. With numerous historic buildings, the big old linden trees, the market well and the cross of justice, it has the potential to become an attractive historic city square. The relics of the fortification together with the customs house and the medieval alleys such as Freiheit and Zollstrasse strengthen the historical character of this urban space. Additionally, the special potential is its location on the upper border of the city towards the countryside. The marketplace is located about three meters higher than Kapellenstrasse and therefore provides a great view over the Rheinaue. The historical significance of the marketplace and the potential of the relationship to the landscape are therefore central elements to integrate into the redesign of the square.

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The reinterpretation of the square refers to the historical city layout in which the marketplace consisted of a triangular square in the eastern part and an alley in the western part. On the eastern and topographically higher located area, a tree island is created – covered with a waterbound surface of sand and bordered by natural stones, and thereby creating a sublime frame around this beautiful area. This island only takes up existing elements and the old linden trees without any other additional construction elements, and hence generates a creative emphasis. A spacious central public area is created, which can be used for public catering.

In the west, a plateau elevated to the height of the well square forms a counterpart to the island. An open and welcoming area for outdoor catering is created right underneath three newly planted linden trees. The difference in altitude from the plateau to the steadily sloping square is compensated by three extra steps with a “city sofa” providing a great view over both the well and the Rheinaue.

Traffic

In order to reduce the traffic areas, we propose traffic routeing on the north side of the square, with a reduction to one-way traffic in the last section of Turmstrasse. The resulting traffic-free space serves as a public area and for outdoor catering of the local restaurants. Parking will not be offered as the historic marketplace should remain free from any dormant traffic.

Lighting concept

A series of seven pole lights in an unobtrusive modern design provide the necessary illumination. In addition, atmospheric accents such as recessed floor spotlights illuminating the well, the cross of justice, and the old linden trees, as well as the old fortification wall and the historic town hall are realised.

Materiality

All areas are uniformly covered with natural stone. A basalt stone in elongated format is used in various configurations taking into account the different traffic types and loads. The border of the tree island and the steps are made of gray granite. The proposal of the citizens’ initiative to reconstruct the original historic well at its old location is approved. The well will be integrated into the new layout instead of the cross of justice.

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Landscape architect: Planergruppe Oberhausen
Website: www.planergruppe-oberhausen.de
Location: Monheim am Rhein
Planning period: 2015-2017
Year of realisation: 2016-2018
Image credits: Claudia Dreysse

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