邓巴电池.

,The Dunbar Battery

兰金弗雷泽风景园林:邓巴是一个历史悠久的小镇,大约有7000人,位于苏格兰东南海岸,距爱丁堡30英里。邓巴炮台始建于1781年,作为一个民防堡垒。在公元19世纪和20世纪,它在第一次世界大战期间拥有一所传染病医院和一所军事医院。尽管后来它变成了一片废墟,但由于它位于海港内的一个岛屿上,其丰富的历史和迷人的地形,它仍然充满了潜力。该结构为B类,列为“区域重要性或高于本地重要性”。它所建的岛通过一座吊桥与大陆相连。电池24小时开放。最初的炮台是一个红色砂岩结构,有16门火炮的炮眼。面向城镇的入口是用金色砂岩建造的,入口呈拱形。在设计介入之前,电池很难进入,除了给福斯湾提供壮观的景观外,它缺乏任何关于其历史或任何特殊原因的信息。由于风化和侵蚀,石工正在退化,历史建筑的一些特征被植被覆盖。

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干预和公共职业

的目标港湾信托基金聘请兰金弗雷泽准备一份可行性研究报告,研究如何将电池重新设想为吸引游客和当地资源的公共空间。简报集中于四个主题:改善所有年龄和能力进入和进入炮台的机会;修缮和保护石工和其他历史元素;在港口内建立一个目的地,以促进旅游业和经济复兴,并为当地创造一个多用途表演和圆形剧场空间聚会和音乐会。在成功地从垃圾填埋税中获得资金之后,信托基金随后委托兰金弗雷泽将研究中的想法发展成一个新的公共空间设计。炮台公共领域的设计得到了对罗伯特·威尔逊纪念馆设置的加强,罗伯特·威尔逊是该船在港口其他地方的“螺旋推进器”的发明者。

描述

公共空间设计包括一条连接结构和港口的新的缓坡通道,炮台内的新通道、一个新的表演区和相关的木制圆形剧场、特别委托的当代艺术作品、沿海花园、拱形商店的重新开业、新家具、照明、诠释元素和图形。电池的设计利用了网站的丰富内容,利用历史的层次来告知和指导各种当代干预措施的设计和分配。这些发明并不是为了与历史建筑竞争,也不是为了压倒历史建筑。右设计作品试图在将空间改造成多功能公共场所的同时,放大现有的空间特征。

一个考古调查过程在每个阶段进行,并为设计工作提供信息。在建筑过程中发现了更多具有历史意义的元素,对此采取了响应和同情的方法。最重要的新建筑,圆形剧场,与原医院建筑墙壁形成的空隙融为一体,使医院的踪迹不受影响。

社区在项目过程中进行了彻底和持续的参与,并建立了专门的网站来收集意见并通知当地居民进度。该项目的一个关键组成部分是苏格兰艺术家唐纳德·厄克哈特(Donald Urquhart)委托制作了一件特定于场地的当代艺术品。“海立方”是一系列交互式不锈钢立方,上面刻有“有孔虫”的图形,即微观海洋生物。与艺术项目平行,一系列的咨询活动和当地学校的参与项目最终由7个小学生在唐纳德·厄克哈特的新艺术作品、

和艺术家之外的

的同时,公开展示了浮游生物的丝网印刷品;设计团队包括civil,结构和电气工程师,照明设计师,历史研究员和解释和平面设计师。为了不影响电池本身的空间质量,在空间的家具和结构中尽可能地融入了诠释元素。

评估“KDSP”自2017年春季完工以来,电池已举办了各种音乐音乐会、圣诞颂歌服务,并成为备受追捧的婚礼地点在镇上。该空间继续由当地人维护,包括那些关心沿海花园的人。除了当地人越来越多地使用这种新电池外,它在吸引远方的游客来镇上也发挥了重要作用。它补充了邓巴的其他旅游景点,包括约翰缪尔出生地博物馆,邓巴城堡和港口。在项目完成之前,在电池的封闭空间内出现了一些反社会行为的证据。空间的增加的落脚点和转换以及对局部空间的感知大大减少了这一点。

参赛办公室名称:rankinfraser景观建筑项目中参赛者的角色:景观设计师和首席设计师网站:rankinfraser.comhttps://dunbabattery.org.uk参与景观设计的其他设计师:Donald Urquhart,艺术家项目地点:Lamar Island,Dunbar,Scotland设计年份:2014建造年份:2017

请留言,

rankinfraser landscape architecture: Dunbar is an historic town of approximately 7000 people situated on the south east coast of Scotland, 30 miles from Edinburgh. The Dunbar Battery was originally built as a civil defensive bastion in 1781. In the 19th and 20th C it housed a hospital for infectious diseases and a military hospital during World War I. Whilst latterly it became a ruin, the structure remained full of potential due to its stunning location on an island within the harbour, its rich history and intriguing topography. The structure is Category B Listed for ‘regional or more than local importance’. The island on which it is built is connected to the mainland by a lifting bridge. The battery is freely accessible to the public 24 hours. The original battery was a red-sandstone structure with embrasures for sixteen guns. The entrance facing the town is constructed from blonde sandstone with an arched entrance. Before the design interventions the battery was difficult to access, it lacked any information on its history or any particular reason to visit other than the spectacular views it affords to the Firth of Forth. The stonework was deteriorating due to weathering and erosion and several features of the historic structure were covered by vegetation.

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Aim of the intervention and public vocation

In 2009 Dunbar Harbour Trust engaged rankinfraser to prepare a feasibility study looking at ways in which the battery could be re-imagined as a public space attraction for visitors and a local resource. The brief focused on 4 themes: improved access to and within the battery for all ages and abilities; the repair and conservation of the stonework and other historic elements; the creation of a destination within the harbour to promote tourism and economic regeneration and the creation of a multi-purpose performance and amphitheatre space for local gatherings and concerts. Following the successful award of funding from landfill tax monies the Trust then commissioned rankinfraser to develop the ideas in the study into a new public space design. The design of the battery public realm was complemented by the enhancement of the setting of a memorial to Robert Wilson, inventor of the ship’s ‘screw propeller’ elsewhere in the harbour.

Description

The public space design consists of a new gently sloping access path linking the structure to the harbour, new pathways within the battery, a new performance area with associated timber amphitheatre, specially commissioned contemporary art work, a coastal garden, the re-opening of vaulted stores, new furniture, lighting, interpretive elements and graphics. The battery design exploits the site’s palimpsest, using the layers of history to inform and guide the design and distribution of various contemporary interventions. The inventions were not intended to compete with, or overpower, the historic structure. Rather, the design works seek to amplify the existing spatial character whilst transforming the space into a multi-functioning public arena.

A process of archaeological investigation preceded and informed the design work at each stage. A responsive and sympathetic approach was taken to the discovery of further elements of historic interest as they were uncovered during the course of construction. The most significant new structure, the amphitheatre, is integrated into the void formed by the walls of the former hospital building so as to leave the trace of the hospital untouched.

Community engagement was thorough and continuous over the course of the project with a dedicated website set up to gather views and inform local residents of progress. A key component of the project was the commissioning of a site specific contemporary artwork by the Scottish artist Donald Urquhart. ‘Sea Cubes’, is a series of interactive stainless steel cubes engraved with drawings of ‘foraminifera’, microscopic sea organisms. Parallel to the artwork project, a series of consultation events and a local schools engagement project were undertaken culminating in an public exhibition of screen prints of plankton by Primary 7 pupils alongside new artworks by Donald Urquhart.

In addition to the artist; the design team included civil, structural and electrical engineers, lighting designers, a historical researcher and interpretive and graphic designers. Interpretive elements were integrated as far as possible into the furniture and structure of the space so as not to detract from the spatial quality of the battery itself.

Assessment

Since its completion in spring 2017 the battery has hosted various musical concerts, a Christmas carol service and it has become a sought after wedding venue in the town. The space continues to be maintained by local people including those who care for the coastal garden. In addition to its increasing use by local people the new battery plays an important role in attracting visitors to the town from further afield. It complements other visitor attraction in Dunbar including the John Muir Birthplace museum, Dunbar Castle and the harbour. Prior to the completion of the project there was some evidence of anti-social behaviour occurring within the enclosed space of the battery. The increased footfall and transformation of the space and the perception of the space locally has reduced this significantly.

 

 

Entrant office name: rankinfraser landscape architecture
Role of the entrant in the project: Landscape Architect and Lead Designer
Website: rankinfraser.com https://dunbarbattery.org.uk
Other designers involved in the design of landscape: Donald Urquhart, Artist
Project location: Lamar Island, Dunbar, Scotland
Design year: 2014
Year Built: 2017

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