格拉斯哥城市学院.

,City of Glasgow College

兰金弗雷泽景观建筑:格拉斯哥市学院的双址超级学院正在领导格拉斯哥市中心的重大重建,其城市校园位于曾经被称为学院山和河畔校园的克莱德河畔。山和河是定义格拉斯哥的两个景观元素,景观设计直接响应这些元素。从一开始,这个项目就不仅仅是一个继续教育学院的景观设计。这是关于公共投资如何为格拉斯哥做出贡献;社会、城市、生态以及为城市带来大学生活。城市和河边的两座建筑有着某些共同的特点,但却有着不同的特点:“兄弟而非双胞胎”。景观设计同样必须创造一个统一的校园连贯性,同时对两个地点的地形、环境和建筑作出反应。这种统一性通过重复使用预制混凝土和林地花园等元素来表达,同时也使用特定场地的材料和植物种类。

城市校园

城市校园位于俯瞰城市的冰河德鲁姆林宫上。景观设计包含多种景观类型,包括:公共公园、城市公共领域、街道景观、封闭的林地花园、“后台”空间以及私密的屋顶露台和花园。这些空间以一种方式交织在一起,在连贯的整体设计中创造出具有自身特色的空间。这座建筑和景观通过11米高的平面变化在整个场地上展开,以“大楼梯”的创建而闻名,这是一个台阶式的公共空间,提供了进入学院的通道,也是一个阳光充足的聚集空间,可以看到整个城市的景色。场地的斜坡地形通过精心雕刻的公共公园进行了进一步的阐述,公园是在前学院建筑的场地上建造的,使用拆除材料形成了基本的水平。整个设计团队都采用了“学习景观”的概念。这认识到学习现在以多种方式发生,整个环境必须为正式和非正式的社交和学习创造机会。这一概念被扩展到室内外空间之间的物理关系,台阶式的外部景观在内部得到了呼应。

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河滨校区

河滨校区被认为是在一个长期忽视与克莱德关系的城市里,成为一个滨河再生的典范。如果在城市景观设计部分是关于开放性和景观,在河边景观设计是围绕一个封闭的'修道院'花园。这种形式是故意选择呼应大学风格的四元,并带来一个重力学院。需要提升建筑物的高度。为了避免洪水泛滥,我们可以在校园的中心创造一个下沉的空间。砖的使用故意与相邻的铁路拱门有关,并与建筑物的颜色相得益彰,而白色的混凝土和林地种植也与城市校园的颜色相得益彰。在场地的南面有一个简单的直线排列的树木,加强城市网格和框架空间的潜在未来发展。

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项目:格拉斯哥城市学院-城市和河畔校区景观建筑师:兰金弗雷泽景观建筑师:迈克尔·莱尔德建筑师和莱克和霍尔建筑师事务所地址:苏格兰格拉斯哥设计年份:2012建设年份:2014-2018面积:城市校园:38700平方米;河滨校区21,600平方米

图片来源:rankinfraser景观建筑可视化:“内外楼梯”-Reiach和Hall Architects部分:“城市部分”-Michael Laird Architects和Reiach和Hall Architects

留言,

rankinfraser landscape architecture: City of Glasgow College’s twin site Super College is leading a major regeneration of Glasgow’s city centre with its City campus located on what used to be known as College Hill and Riverside campus dominating the banks of the River Clyde. Hill and river are the two landscape elements that define Glasgow and the landscape design responds directly to these. From the outset this project was always about more than landscape design for a further education college. It was about how this public investment could contribute to Glasgow; socially, urbanistically, ecologically and bring college life to the city. The two buildings at City and Riverside share certain characteristics but are distinct; ‘siblings rather than twins’. The landscape design equally had to create a unifying campus coherence, whilst responding to the topography, context and architecture of the two locations. This unity is expressed through the repetition of elements such as precast concrete and woodland gardens, whilst also using site specific materials and plant species.

 

CITY CAMPUS

City Campus is located on a glacial drumlin overlooking the city. The landscape design embraces a variety of landscape typologies including; a public park, urban public realm, street scape, enclosed woodland garden, ‘back of house’ spaces and intimate rooftop terraces and gardens. These spaces are woven together in a manner that creates spaces with their own character within a coherent overall design. The building and landscape negotiate an 11 m level change across the site that is celebrated by the creation of the ‘Grand Stair’, a stepped public space offering access to the college and a sunny gathering space with views out across the city. The sloping topography of the site is further elaborated through a carefully sculpted public park, constructed on the site of a former college building, using the demolition material to form the basic levels. The concept of ‘learning landscape’ was adopted across the design team. This recognises that learning now happens in multiple ways and the entire landscape had to create opportunities for formal and informal socialising and learning. The concept was extended to the physical relationship between indoor and outdoor space with the stepped exterior landscape echoed internally.

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RIVERSIDE CAMPUS

Riverside Campus is considered to be an exemplar of riverside regeneration in a city that had long neglected its relationship with the Clyde. If at City the landscape design was partly about openness and views, at Riverside the landscape design is centred on an enclosed ‘cloister’ garden. This form was deliberately chosen to echo university style quads and bring a gravitas to the college. The need to elevate the buildings ffl. to avoid flooding allow us to create a sunken space at the heart of the campus. The use of brick deliberately relates to the adjacent railway arches and complements the colour of the buildings, whilst the white concrete and woodland planting speak to the same at City Campus. To the south of the site a simple rectilinear arrangement of trees, reinforces the city grid and frame space for potential future development.

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Project: City of Glasgow College – City and Riverside Campuses
Landscape Architects: rankinfraser landscape architecture
Architects: Michael Laird Architects and Reiach and Hall Architects
Location: Glasgow, Scotland
Design year: 2012
Year of construction: 2014 – 2018
Area: City Campus: 38,700 m²; Riverside Campus 21,600 m²

Image credits: rankinfraser landscape architecture
Visualisation: ‘inside outside stairs’ – Reiach and Hall Architects
Section: ‘City Section’ – Michael Laird Architects and Reiach and Hall Architects

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